Job crafting is an independent way of modifying work, so that the work meets the needs, strengths and values of the employee. It is a voluntary activity in which an employee makes changes in his or her own way of working, work environment and/or work community.
Also personal alertness profiles are important in working life. When an employee recognizes their own circadian rhythm and becomes aware of their own alertness profile, they can take it into account when planning their own work tasks and crafting their job. In doing so, the employee takes an active role in maintaining his or her well-being at work.
Studies show that employees who actively develop their own work, increase their motivation, improve their performance and decrease their risk of burnout, and this is reflected positively in both the work community and the company’s productivity.
Often, general guidelines are given for job crafting, which tend to take efficiency into account, but do not take into account maintaining the employee’s optimal energy level during the day. It can be difficult for an employee to know when a task should be done or what would be the most optimal work process for themselves. The project aims to find a solution to this problem by helping employees to craft their work by taking into account their personal circadian rhythms and fluctuations in energy levels during the day.
The aim of the project is to promote well-being at work in a comprehensive way at the individual and organizational levels, and thereby to improve work productivity, especially for employees doing shift work and mentally demanding work. The project develops ways for job crafting based on the individual circadian rhythms of employees. Personal information provided by surveys and wellness technology is also used to identify circadian rhythms and energy levels. The aim is to promote the quality of working life and work productivity by, for example, making work processes, schedules and tasks more suitable individually.
The project involves international cooperation with the Belgian KU University of Leuven and the Bulgarian Idein Ltd. Research Center (CARVE – Circadian Activity Revitalizing Vocational Energy).
In the project, an organization or team participates in a development process that lasts about six months, which includes:
- Initial survey on well-being at work, circadian rhythm and quality of working life, five-day energy level survey and Moodmetric smart ring or Firstbeat well-being analysis.
- Personal feedback discussions with job crafting tips based on the measurement results.
- Workshops to provide general information on the topics of the project and to review the results and recommendations of the work community for job crafting.
- Webinars common to all companies on the topics raised in the discussions (sleep and recovery, time management, etc.).
- Final measurements repeating the surveys and well-being technology measurements.
The Quality of Working Life -index (QWL) is included to the initial and final surveys of the project, which makes it possible to observe the possible changes in the quality of working life on a company-specific basis.
The project will organize seminars open to all in November 2020 and in the autumn of 2021.
As a result of the project, both organizations and employees will receive illustrative information about their well-being and learn to utilize personal circadian rhythms, energy levels, and job crafting to improve well-being at work. Identifying problem areas enables companies to develop a needs-based occupational well-being strategy that takes into account the needs of individual employees.
Privacy Statement of the CARVE project (in Finnish): https://www.xamk.fi/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/CARVE-Tietosuojailmoitus.pdf