Project aims to improve the oil spill response competency and overall preparedness for marine oil spills on the coast of Gulf of Finland.

SÖKÖSuomenlahti project updates the oil spill response management models SÖKÖ I and SÖKÖ II developed in 2007 and 2011. Models will be unified and elaborated in order to measure up to the technological development and the changes in spill response legislation. The oil spill response management model describes how to conduct the oil spill response operation within the field of responsibility of the Regional Fire and Rescue Services.

The SÖKÖ spill response management model is scenario-related, scaled to the worst-case marine oil spills expected. The model consists of guidelines for response tactics, oil containment and recovery, reconnaissance, shoreline protection, onshore clean-up operations, waste management, spill response logistics, communication, human resource and financial management, claims and compensation procedures as well as health and safety issues.

The SÖKÖ response model also includes several spill response management tools, such as operative charts with shoreline segmentation, waste flow charts, reconnaissance forms and other data management applications.


The aim of the project is to

  • improve the oil spill response competency and capacity, develop spill response techniques and tactics and overall preparedness to marine oil spills
  • minimize the impacts of major oil spills by means of up-to-date and jointly developed response guidelines


  • To compile a spill response manual. The manual comprises over twenty sections, each of which describing either a temporal phase or the specific field of responsibility
  • To carry out field surveys to produce geographic information including data on oil waste logistics and sensitive areas



More information

Justiina Halonen
Research Manager
+358 44 702 8514


SÖKÖ Manual on the ABCs of marine oil spill response

Oil spill response can be a long-term task, affecting a wide geographical area and a large number of operators. To facilitate the coordination of spill response tasks, guidelines have been developed for each phase of the response. These guidelines have been compiled into an oil spill response manual that is intended to be used at...



1 July 2018 – 31 October 2021

Project partners

Lead partner: South-Eastern Finland University of Applied Sciences, Xamk

Other partners: the Fire and Rescue Services of Kymenlaakso, Eastern-Uusimaa, City of Helsinki and Western Uusimaa, the Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment of Southeast Finland and Uusimaa (ELY Centres), The Finnish Border Guard, Finnish Environment Institute, voluntary organizations


Total budget: € 620 570

Financiers and main source of funding: The Finnish Oil Spill Compensation Fund of the Finnish Ministry of the Environment and the partnering Fire and Rescue Services